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Checklist
Checklist of the spiders (Araneae) of South Africa
expand article infoAnsie S. Dippenaar-Schoeman, Charles R. Haddad§, Leon N. Lotz|, Ruan Booysen§, Rudolph C. Steenkamp, Stefan H. Foord
‡ University of Venda, Thohoyandou, South Africa
§ University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa
| National Museum, Bloemfontein, South Africa
¶ The Spider Club of Southern Africa, Bloemfontein, South Africa
Open Access

Abstract

A checklist of 2265 spider species and subspecies, 495 genera and 71 families is provided. Data were extracted from the South African National Survey of Arachnida database and over 200 taxonomic revisions, ending December 2022. Global distributions, endemicity and conservation assessment using IUCN Criteria are provided for each species. A total of 1325 spp. are endemic to South Africa (58.5%), 126 spp. (5.6%) are of special concern and 693 spp. (30.6%) are Data Deficient (DD), while 15 species were described without exact locality data. Most species (1444 spp., 63.8%) are widely distributed with no known threats and are of Least Concern. A total of 1316 spp. (57.6%) are known from both sexes and 23 spp. (1.0%) were described from juveniles. Salticidae is the most species-rich family (354 spp.), followed by Gnaphosidae (195 spp.), Thomisidae (143 spp.) and Araneidae (100 spp.) and ten families are represented by a single species.

Key words

Conservation status, endemicity, faunistic surveys, global distribution, provincial, sample bias, SANSA, South African National Survey of Arachnida

Introduction

The emerging field of conservation biogeography concerns species’ distribution dynamics and how they relate to biodiversity conservation (Robertson et al. 2010); and its main currency is valid species-level determinations and distribution data. However, the knowledge and insights gained from these data depend on whether species are valid and systematically established, the existence of clear diagnoses to aid positive determinations, documented biology and reconstructed evolutionary histories. These activities depend on the primary data collected with specimens that provide vast information (Hamer 2012).Therefore, curating and disseminating this information in retrievable formats, such as a national list, is essential.

The South African National Survey of Arachnida (SANSA), which was initiated in 1997 (Dippenaar-Schoeman et al. 2015), had the main aim of documenting the arachnid fauna of South Africa by collating all the data into a relational database. The second phase of SANSA (2006–2010), funded by the Royal Norwegian Ministry through the Threatened Species Programme of the South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI), was critical, as it surveyed large under-represented parts of South Africa (Dippenaar-Schoeman et al. 2015), culminating in the release of an unpublished report: the First Atlas of the Spiders of South Africa (FASSA) in 2010 (Dippenaar-Schoeman et al. 2010). Until now, this Atlas was the only known national list of South African spiders.

Only a few African countries have published spider species checklists: Botswana (Eagle 1985), Namibia (Griffin and Dippenaar-Schoeman 1991), Zimbabwe (FitzPatrick 2001), Sudan (Dunlop and Siyam 2014), Tanzania (Russell-Smith 2020) and Kenya (Kioko et al. 2021). Here, we provide the first annotated spider checklist for South Africa, based on published data and accessioned specimens in collections up to the end of December 2022. We also include references to unpublished resources that add value to the data and results summarised here.

Material and methods

Study area

The area covered is South Africa (Fig. 1A), excluding the enclave of Lesotho and Eswatini. It includes the following nine Provinces: Eastern Cape (EC), Free State (FS), Gauteng (G), KwaZulu-Natal (KZN), Limpopo (L), Mpumalanga (M), Northern Cape (NC), North West (NW) and Western Cape (WC).

Figure 1. 

A Map of South Africa and its nine provinces B temporal trends in species described from South Africa (1700–2023).

Source of information

As part of SANSA, all available data were collated in a relational database maintained by the Agricultural Research Council (Dippenaar-Schoeman et al. 2012). This database is not publicly accessible, but the data retrieved from this database and used for this manuscript are available online in a tidy format (https://zenodo.org/record/8249595). These data were used to identify the gaps in the geographical coverage and guide the field surveys of phase II of SANSA, which were conducted using a standardised protocol (Haddad and Dippenaar-Schoeman 2015). All the specimens from postgraduate ecological surveys from 12 universities in South Africa were deposited in the National Collection of Arachnida (NCA) at the Agricultural Research Council in Pretoria as voucher specimens. Many specimens were also received from the public participating in SANSA surveys, including members of the Spider Club of Southern Africa and Reserve managers. A large number of specimens were collected during national and international projects included in unpublished studies, but included in SANSA newsletters. However, these newsletters went through an editorial process and most are available online (Suppl. material 1). Voucher specimens of sampled material were also deposited National Museum in Bloemfontein, Ditsong National Museum of Natural History in Pretoria and KwaZulu-Natal Museum in Pietermaritzburg.

Checklist structure

The checklist is based on data extracted from the SANSA database and references to the taxonomic and more than 200 published/unpublished faunistic surveys up to the end of December 2022 (Suppl. material 1). Only spiders identified to species level are included. Families and species are arranged alphabetically. For each species, we provide:

Endemicity

The following terms are used: SAE: species endemic to South Africa; STHE: species endemic to southern Africa; AE: species endemic to the Afrotropical Region; C: species that also occur beyond the Afrotropical Region.

Distribution

The following terms are used: 6: species is known only from the type locality in South Africa; 5: species is known from several localities in the same province as the type locality; 4: species were sampled from two adjacent provinces; 3: species were sampled from ≥ three provinces in South Africa; 2: species occurs outside South Africa, but within southern Africa; 1: Afrotropical Region; 0: cosmopolitan.

Provincial data

Species listed per South African province obtained from primary label data of collected specimens, as reported in taxonomic and faunistic publications and the SANSA database.

Conservation assessment

As part of the Spider Red Listing Project (Foord et al. 2020), the preliminary conservation status of species as determined are listed with the following codes: DD (Data Deficient): species usually known from only one sex or based on old material without detailed locality data and where the species is difficult to identify (DDT: Data Deficient due to Taxonomic reasons); LC (Least Concern): species with a broad distribution (categories 0–2), without known threats; those of categories 3 and 4 are South African endemics (SAE) and many of them are also LC. Species of special concern (Rare, Critically Rare, Vulnerable, Threatened) usually belong to categories 5 or 6.

History

Almost a third of South African species were described from 1900–1920 (739 spp.) (Fig. 1B), focusing largely on the fauna of the coastal provinces, as most practising arachnologists were stationed there. From 1960 to 1980, there was a considerable decline in the description of new species due to lack of practising taxonomists. However, during the last three decades there has been a resurgence; more than 700 species have been described since 1980, mainly due to new appointments, modern taxonomic revisions, the training of several South African taxonomists and the efforts of taxonomists overseas. Ongoing SANSA surveys continued contributing accessions at the NCA and specimen identifications have also contributed to a constant increase of new species records (Fig. 1B). The increase in taxonomic output since 1997 can partly be attributed to SANSA (Dippenaar-Schoeman et al. 2015).

Species identification

Unfortunately, the original descriptions of many species described from 1700–1950 are often rudimentary, only from one sex, lacking detailed morphological data and without drawings or detailed collecting data. Most type specimens are also housed in overseas museums or are lost. One of the most significant constraints for SANSA is the lack of taxonomic revisions for many of the larger spider families in South Africa, with reference to Agelenidae, Araneidae, Dictynidae and Theridiidae. The number of South African species will inevitably increase, as many specimens housed in collections remain unidentified due to lack of taxonomic resolution.

With all the available data, SANSA has developed online photo identification guides for the 72 families to address the taxonomic constraints (Suppl. material 2). These guides list known information for all genera and species listed from South Africa. Species-level information includes a distribution map for South Africa, drawings (if available) and photographs of diagnostic characteristics, notes on their behaviour, a conservation assessment and possible threats. Complete guides can be downloaded from the World Spider Catalogue, as well as from Zenodo (https://zenodo.org/communities/sansa/) (for complete list see Suppl. material 2).

Results and discussion

A total of 2265 spider species and subspecies, belonging to 495 genera and 71 families, are presently known from South Africa (Table 1). The Salticidae (354 spp.), Gnaphosidae (195 spp.), Thomisidae (143 spp.) and Araneidae (100 spp.) are the most species-rich families. A total of nine families are only represented by a single species.

Table 1.

Spider families from South Africa listing the number of genera and species per family, as well as the number endemic to South Africa (SAE), the number of Data Deficient (DD) species, the species of Least Concern (LC) and the number of species of Special Concern (SC).

FAMILIES GEN SPP SAE DD LC SC
Agelenidae 5 10 0 0 10 0
Amaurobiidae 5 16 16 11 3 2
Anapidae 3 4 3 2 1 1
Anyphaenidae 1 1 0 0 1 0
Araneidae 40 100 20 7 90 3
Archaeidae 1 14 14 6 2 6
Atypidae 1 2 2 0 0 2
Barychelidae 2 3 0 0 3 0
Bemmeridae 2 33 32 30 3 0
Caponiidae 3 16 10 6 8 2
Cheiracanthiidae 3 47 36 20 26 1
Cithaeronidae 1 1 1 1 0 0
Clubionidae 1 26 17 12 14 0
Corinnidae 15 44 22 11 28 5
Ctenidae 2 8 3 1 7 0
Cyatholipidae 6 16 16 4 7 5
Cyrtaucheniidae 1 29 28 17 12 0
Deinopidae 2 7 1 0 6 0
Desidae 2 2 0 0 2 0
Dictynidae 4 5 2 1 4 0
Drymusidae 1 5 5 1 0 4
Dysderidae 1 1 0 0 1 0
Entypesidae 5 30 30 17 12 1
Eresidae 5 30 16 11 19 0
Euagridae 2 5 4 1 4 0
Filistatidae 1 1 0 0 1 0
Gallieniellidae 2 29 29 13 13 3
Gnaphosidae 28 195 106 48 147 0
Hahniidae 1 8 5 2 6 0
Hersiliidae 3 12 4 1 10 1
Idiopidae 6 46 44 26 15 5
Ischnothelidae 1 1 0 0 1 0
Linyphiidae 23 32 16 7 23 2
Liocranidae 3 11 8 5 6 0
Lycosidae 24 113 61 40 72 1
Microstigmatidae 1 6 6 2 3 1
Migidae 2 22 20 11 6 5
Mimetidae 3 4 1 0 4 0
Miturgidae 2 2 2 1 1 0
Mysmenidae 1 1 1 1 0 0
Nephilidae 2 5 0 0 5 0
Nesticidae 1 1 0 0 1 0
Oecobiidae 4 7 3 1 6 0
Oonopidae 9 17 12 7 10 0
Orsolobidae 3 4 3 2 2 0
Oxyopidae 3 40 3 1 39 0
Palpimanidae 3 24 19 14 8 2
Philodromidae 6 34 6 4 30 0
Pholcidae 8 46 34 6 20 20
Phyxelididae 9 30 27 10 16 4
Pisauridae 14 38 8 4 34 0
Prodidomidae 6 29 17 12 17 0
Pycnothelidae 1 1 1 0 0 1
Salticidae 80 354 177 96 244 11
Scytodidae 1 30 24 11 17 2
Segestriidae 1 15 13 7 8 0
Selenopidae 2 71 52 23 47 1
Sicariidae 2 14 9 4 9 1
Sparassidae 9 50 35 12 35 3
Stasimopidae 1 44 44 37 3 4
Symphytognathidae 2 2 2 2 0 0
Telemidae 1 1 1 0 0 1
Tetragnathidae 7 31 10 6 24 1
Theraphosidae 8 40 34 18 19 3
Theridiidae 19 59 27 17 42 0
Thomisidae 38 143 36 10 130 3
Trachelidae 12 55 45 25 28 4
Trochanteriidae 1 11 6 5 6 0
Uloboridae 5 10 4 1 9 0
Zodariidae 21 97 67 29 58 10
Zoropsidae 2 25 25 13 7 5
495 2265 1325 692 1445 126
% 58.55 30.62 63.81 5.57

Provincial surveys

The number of families, genera and species for each of the nine provinces are listed in Table 2. KwaZulu-Natal has the highest number of known species (1024), followed by the Western Cape (908) and Limpopo Province (905), while North West had the least (344). Note: almost all the surveys without citations listed below, can be found in the grey literature, references and DOIs to these documents being included in Suppl. material 1 of the supplementary material.

Table 2.

Number of families, genera, species and endemics recorded for each of the nine provinces in South Africa, as well as the percentage of all the known South African species.

Provinces Family Genera Species Endemics % spp. total SA
Eastern Cape 59 312 837 137 37
Free State 50 224 517 25 24
Gauteng 52 250 563 11 25
KwaZulu-Natal 60 362 1024 159 45
Limpopo 60 346 905 55 41
Mpumalanga 57 279 645 20 28
North West 41 188 344 6 15
Northern Cape 52 236 559 62 25
Western Cape 60 319 908 261 41

Eastern Cape (Fig. 2A): The Eastern Cape becomes progressively wetter from west to east. The west is mostly semi-arid Karoo, except in the far south, where there is a temperate rainforest in the band between the Cape Fold Mountains and the Indian Ocean. The coast is generally rugged with interspersed beaches. Most of the Province is hilly to very mountainous to the west of East London and Queenstown and towards the KwaZulu-Natal border – a region known previously as Transkei – it is a lush grassland on rolling hills, punctuated by deep gorges with intermittent forest. A total of 837 species (137 endemic) have been recorded from the Province (Table 2).

Figure 2. 

Spatial distribution and number of accessions for localities in: A Eastern Cape B Free State C Gauteng D KwaZulu-Natal E Limpopo.

Major surveys in this Province include: Addo Elephant National Park (Dippenaar-Schoeman et al. 2020); Amathole Mountains (Haddad et al. 2023); Asante Sana Private Game Reserve; Jeffreys Bay; Mkambati Nature Reserve (Dippenaar-Schoeman et al. 2011); Mountain Zebra National Park (Dippenaar-Schoeman 1988, 2006); Nduli and Luchaba Nature Reserves (Niba and Yekwayo 2016); Silaka Nature Reserve (Forbanka and Niba 2013); Thyspunt; Tsolwana Game Reserve.

Free State (Fig. 2B): The Free State is situated on the central escarpment and is comprised of a succession of flat grassy plains sprinkled with pastures and cultivated lands, resting on a general elevation of 1200 m, only broken by the occasional hill. The rich soil and pleasant climate allow for a thriving agricultural industry. It is known locally as the breadbasket of South Africa with more than 30,000 farms, which produce over 70% of the country’s grain.

The Free State is the third largest province (10.6%) and a total of 517 species (25 endemic) have been recorded here (Table 2).

Major surveys in the Province include: Amanzi Private Game Reserve (Haddad and Butler 2018); Farm Bankfontein, Luckhof District (Haddad 2021); Farm Deelhoek, Bloemfontein District (Haddad and Dippenaar-Schoeman 2002, 2006a; Haddad 2005); Farm Lusthof, Edenville District (Dippenaar-Schoeman et al. 1978); Erfenisdam Nature Reserve (Fourie et al. 2013; Haddad et al. 2015); Florisbad Research Station (Lotz et al. 1991); Free State National Botanical Gardens (Butler and Haddad 2011; Neethling and Haddad 2013, 2019; Haddad et al. 2019, 2021; Luwes and Haddad 2020); Golden Gate Highlands National Park (van der Merwe et al. 2020); Kalkfontein Dam Nature Reserve, and Mpetsane Conservancy.

Gauteng (Fig. 2C): This is the smallest province, covering only 1.4% of South Africa (Fig. 2C) and falls within both the Savannah and highly threatened Grassland Biome with approximately 83% of the Province falling within the Highveld Grassland vegetation type, of which a mere 0.8% is currently conserved in South Africa. A total of 563 spp. (11 endemic) have been recorded from this Province (Table 2).

Major surveys in this Province include: Bakwena Cave in Irene (Durand et al. 2012); Ezemvelo Nature Reserve; Faerie Glen Nature Reserve in Pretoria; Gauteng caves (Dippenaar-Schoeman and Myburgh 2009); Groenkloof Nature Reserve; Irene survey; Kliprivierberg Nature Reserve; Rietondale Research Station (Van den Berg and Dippenaar-Schoeman 1991); Roodeplaat Research Station (Dippenaar-Schoeman 1976; Roodeplaatdam Nature Reserve (Dippenaar-Schoeman et al. 1989; Engelbrecht 2013); Pretoria National Botanical Gardens; Serene Valley; Suikerbosrand Nature Reserve; Tswaing Crater Nature Reserve; and Waterkloof Nature Reserve.

KwaZulu-Natal (Fig. 2D): KwaZulu-Natal covers 7.6% of South Africa and harbours many vegetation types. Grassland predominates in the western interior of the Province, with savannah towards the east. Alpine vegetation occurs on the high Drakensberg Escarpment on the border with Lesotho. The Coastal Belt vegetation is regularly interrupted by large river systems, where a thicket-type vegetation is often present in the valleys. A total of 1034 species have been recorded, which constitutes 45.3% of the spiders of South Africa (Table 2). Dr. Reginald Lawrence, one of the best-known South African arachnologists, was stationed at the Natal Museum from 1935 to 1986 and he extensively sampled and described species from the Province.

Major surveys in the Province include: Buffelsdraai Landfill Conservancy; Howick, Farm Wakefield; Drakensberg; False Bay Park (Lovell et al. 2007); Hluhluwe Game Reserve (Mgobozi et al. 2008); Farm Vergeval, Pongola district (Dippenaar-Schoeman et al. 1978); iSimangaliso Wetland Park, various localities; Ithala Game Reserve; Kosi Bay Nature Reserve; Maputaland (Lawrence et al. 1980); Maluti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Project (MDTP); Midlands, Good Hope and Maybole plantation estates (Yekwayo et al. 2016, 2017); Midlands, Ncandu Falls, Moorfield Mountain Farm and Normandien Farms (Booysen and Haddad 2021); Ngome State Forest (Van der Merwe et al. 1996; Dippenaar-Schoeman et al. 2006); Ndumo Game Reserve (Haddad et al. 2006; Haddad 2016, 2022); Ophathe Game Reserve (Haddad and Dippenaar-Schoeman 2015); Vernon Crookes Nature Reserve; Phinda Game Reserve (Lovell et al. 2010); Richards Bay rehabilitated coastal forest (Dippenaar-Schoeman and Wassenaar 2002, 2006); Sani Pass altitudinal gradient; Sodwana Bay National Park; Tembe Elephant Park (Haddad et al. 2010); and uMkhuze Game Reserve (Lovell et al. 2007).

Limpopo (Fig. 2E): This Province covers 10.6% of South Africa. The vegetation ranges from Afromontane forests, savannahs, shrubland, to semi-desert areas with small trees and bushes. The landscape also ranges from mountainous to flat plains. The first surveys in the Province were undertaken during a five-year harvester termite control project (Dippenaar-Schoeman et al. 1978). Another large dataset became available during surveys looking at the effect of chemical control of quelea finches on the Springbok Flats.

A total of 905 species (55 endemic) is known from the Province (Table 2).

Major surveys in the Province include: Atherstone Game Reserve; Blouberg Nature Reserve (Muelelwa et al. 2010; Foord et al. 2019); Farm Amsterdam, Dendron District (Dippenaar-Schoeman et al. 1978); Farm Zandrivier, Lephalale District, Bioblitz; Ka-Ndengeza Village (Joseph et al. 2017; Foord et al. 2018); Klein Kariba Resort; Lekgalameetse Nature Reserve (Foord et al. 2016); Lephalale; Limpopo Valley; Luvhondo Nature Reserve (Foord et al. 2008); Makelali Nature Reserve (Whitmore et al. 2001, 2002); Marakele National Park; Nylsvley Nature Reserve (Heidger 1988; Dippenaar-Schoeman et al. 2009); Pietersburg Nature Reserve (Dippenaar et al. 2008); Rust de Winter cotton surveys (Dippenaar-Schoeman et al. 1999b); Soutpansberg long-term survey (Foord et al. 2002); Sovenga Hill (Modiba et al. 2005); Syferkuil research site; Venetia Limpopo Nature Reserve; Vhembe Biosphere Reserve; and Waterberg Biosphere.

Mpumalanga (Fig. 3A): Mpumalanga covers a total of 6.5% of South Africa’s surface. The province contains several distinct physiographic regions: the Highveld, a plateau ranging in elevation from 1200 to 1800 metres in the west; the forested Drakensberg Mountains rising to more than 2300 metres in the east; and the Lowveld, a bush-clad plain that slopes gently upward towards the Lebombo Mountains on the Mozambique and Eswatini borders to the east. Much of Mpumalanga is drained by eastward-flowing tributaries of the Limpopo River.

Figure 3. 

Spatial distribution and number of accessions for localities in: A Mpumalanga B Northern Cape C North West D Western Cape.

A total of 645 species (20 endemic) have been recorded from the Province (Table 2).

Major surveys in the Province include: Barberton Nature Reserve (Mwabvu and Yekwayo 2019; Mavasa et al. 2023); Delmas (Bt maize); Kruger National Park (Dippenaar-Schoeman and Leroy 2003; Jonsson et al. 2010; Robertson et al. 2011), Lowveld Botanical Gardens, Mariepskop (Taylor et al. 2020); Marble Hall (Bt cotton) (Mellet et al. 2006); Mbombela (avocado, macadamia, citrus) (Van den Berg et al. 1992; Dippenaar-Schoeman 1998; Dippenaar-Schoeman et al. 2001a, b; Dippenaar-Schoeman et al. 2005a); Steenkampsberg (Jansen et al. 2013); and Sterkspruit Nature Reserve (Mwabvu and Yekwayo 2019).

North West (Fig. 3C): This Province covers 9.5% of the surface of South Africa. Much of the Province consists of flat areas of scattered trees and grassland. The Magaliesberg mountain range in the north-east extends about 130 km from Pretoria to Rustenburg. The Vaal River flows along the southern border of the Province.

A total of 344 species (six endemic) are known from this Province (Table 2).

The only long-term survey (4 years) was undertaken in the Kgaswane Nature Reserve. Students at the North-West University and University of Johannesburg participated in agro-ecosystem surveys focusing on cotton near Brits and Bt maize near Potchefstroom (Botha et al. 2015). Other surveys were mainly funded by SANSA and the Spider Club: Barberspan Nature Reserve; Borakalala Nature Reserve; Pilanesberg National Park; and Zeerust.

Northern Cape (Fig. 3B): The Northern Cape is South Africa’s largest Province (29.7%). The Karoo Basin dominates this Province and consists mainly of sedimentary rocks and some dolerite intrusions. The south and south-east of the Province are high-lying, 1200–1900 metres, in the Roggeveld and Nuweveld Districts. The west coast is dominated by the Namaqualand region, famous for its spring flowers and Succulent Karoo vegetation. This area is hilly to mountainous and consists of granites and metamorphic rocks. The central areas are generally flat with interspersed salt pans. Kimberlite intrusions punctuate the Karoo rocks, giving the Province its most precious natural resource, diamonds. The north is primarily Kalahari Desert, characterised by parallel red sand dunes and acacia tree dry savannah.

In spite of being the largest province, only 559 species (62 endemic) have so far been recorded in this Province (Table 2).

Very few sites have been intensively sampled: Akkerendam Nature Reserve; Augrabies Falls National Park; Brand-se-Baai; Diamond Route Reserves (Benfontein, Dronfield, Rooipoort and Tswalu Game Reserves; Koingnaas; Namaqua National Park; Namaqua strip mining; Prieska pistachio orchards (Haddad et al. 2004, 2005; Haddad and Dippenaar-Schoeman 2005, 2006b; Haddad et al. 2009); Nigramoep; Richterveld National Park; Tankwa Karoo National Park; and Witsand Nature Reserve.

Western Cape (Fig. 3D): This Province covers 9.7% of the surface of South Africa. Spiders were included in the Cape Nature Western Cape State of Biodiversity 2012 report (Veldtman 2012), a first for South Africa.

A total of 938 spp. are known from the Province representing 41.1% of South African species. Major surveys include: Aardvark Nature Reserve; Beaufort West; Borrelfontein; Bontebok National Park; Cape Peninsula (Sharratt et al. 2000); Cape Floristic Region (Pryke and Samways 2008, 2009, 2010, 2012; Theron et al. 2020a, 2020b); Cape Winelands (Gaigher and Samways 2010, 2014; Geldenhuys et al. 2021, 2022); Coast to Karoo transect: Spiders of the Cederberg (Foord and Dippenaar-Schoeman 2016); De Hoop Nature Reserve (Haddad and Dippenaar-Schoeman 2009); Fernkloof Nature Reserve; Jonkershoek (Swart et al. 2017); Karoo National Park (Dippenaar-Schoeman et al. 1999a); Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden (Tucker 1920); Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve between Kogelberg and Protea survey (Coetzee et al. 1990; Visser et al. 1999; Yekwayo et al. 2018); Robben Island (Mukherjee et al. 2010; Roets and Pryke 2013; Cooper et al. 2017); Southern Cape Forest Complex (Swart et al. 2018, 2020); Swartberg National Park (Dippenaar-Schoeman et al. 2005b); Table Mountain National Park; Tierberg Long-Term Ecological Research site (Dean 1988; Dean and Milton 1995; Henschel and Lubin 2018); and Tierhoek Organic Farm (Arvidsson et al. 2020).

Conservation

Many species recorded from South Africa (946 spp., 41.4%) are still only known from one sex. Only 1316 spp. (57.6%) are known from both sexes and 23 spp. were described from juveniles (Table 4), resulting in many species that are still Data Deficient.

Conservation status

The majority (1445 spp., 64%) of species have a wide distribution without known threats and are listed as Least Concern (Table 3). Sufficient data is still lacking for 691 spp. (31%), which could not be evaluated and are listed as Data Deficient; 504 of these species are data deficient for taxonomic reasons, 187 are lacking sufficient distribution data to make informed assessments and 288 (12.6%) are known only from the type locality. Only 129 spp. (5.6%) are of special conservation concern (Table 3).

Table 3.

Conservation status and endemicity of the spider species sampled from South Africa.

CONSERVATION STATUS NO SPP %
Data Deficient (DD) 692 31
Not Evaluated (NE) 2 0.001
Least Concern (LC) 1445 64
Special concern 126 5.6
• Rare 43 2
• Critical rare (CR) 22 1
• Endangered (EN) 24 1
• Vulnerable (VU) 32 1.4
• Near threatened (NT) 5 0.2
Endemicity
0 – Africa and wider (C) 86 3.8
1 – African endemics (AE) 460 20.4
2 – Southern African endemics (STHE) 394 17.4
3–5 South African endemics (SAE) 932 41.3
6– Known only from type locality 390 17.3
Table 4.

Checklist of spiders (Araneae) of South Africa.

D CON STATUS ENDEMICITY PROV EC FS G KZN L M NC NW WC
FAMILY AGELENIDAE C.L. Koch, 1837
F Agelena australis Simon, 1896 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1
F Agelena gaerdesi Roewer, 1955 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Benoitia deserticola (Simon, 1910) 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1
B Benoitia ocellata (Pocock, 1900) 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
F Benoitia raymondeae (Lessert, 1915) 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1
B Mistaria zuluana (Roewer, 1955) 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1
M Olorunia punctata Lehtinen, 1967 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Tegenaria domestica (Clerck, 1757) 0 LC C 1 1 1 1
B Tegenaria pagana C.L. Koch, 1840 0 LC C 1 1
B Tegenaria parietina (Fourcroy, 1785) 0 LC C 1
FAMILY AMAUROBIIDAE Thorell, 1870
F Chresiona convexa Simon, 1903 5 DDT SAE WCE 1
F Chresiona invalida (Simon, 1898) 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1
F Chresiona nigrosignata Simon, 1903 5 DDT SAE WCE 1
F Chumma bicolor Jocqué & Alderweireldt, 2017 6 DDT SAE WCE 1
B Chumma foliata Jocqué & Alderweireldt, 2017 5 DD SAE ECE 1
B Chumma gastroperforata Jocqué, 2001 4 LC SAE 1 1
B Chumma inquieta Jocqué, 2001 4 EN SAE 1 1
B Chumma interfluvialis Jocqué & Alderweireldt, 2017 6 DD SAE FSE 1
B Chumma striata Jocqué & Alderweireldt, 2017 5 RARE SAE WCE 1
B Chumma subridens Jocqué & Alderweireldt, 2017 4 DD SAE 1 1
M Chumma tsitsikamma Jocqué & Alderweireldt, 2017 6 DDT SAE ECE 1
F Macrobunus caffer (Simon, 1898) 5 DDT SAE WCE 1
F Obatala armata Lehtinen, 1967 5 DDT SAE WCE 1
M Pseudauximus annulatus Purcell, 1908 4 DDT SAE 1 1
B Pseudauximus pallidus Purcell, 1903 4 LC SAE 1 1
F Pseudauximus reticulatus Simon, 1902 5 DDT SAE WCE 1
FAMILY ANAPIDAE Simon, 1895
B Crozetulus rhodesiensis Brignoli, 1981 2 LC STHE 1 1 1
B Crozetulus scutatus (Lawrence, 1964) 5 CR SAE WCE 1
M Dippenaaria luxurians Wunderlich, 1995 6 DDT SAE ECE 1
B Metanapis bimaculata (Simon, 1895) 6 DD SAE WCE 1
FAMILY ANYPHAENIDAE Bertkau, 1878
B Amaurobioides africana Hewitt, 1917 2 LC STHE 1 1 1
FAMILY ARANEIDAE Clerck, 1757
B Acusilas africanus Simon, 1895 1 LC AE 1 1 1
F Aethriscus olivaceus Pocock, 1902 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1
F Afracantha camerunensis (Thorell, 1899) 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1
F Arachnura scorpionoides Vinson, 1863 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1
F Araneus apricus Karsch, 1884 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
F Araneus coccinella Pocock, 1898 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1
F Araneus graemii Pocock, 1900 6 DDT SAE ECE 1
F Araneus haploscapella (Strand, 1907) 3 DDT SAE 1 1
F Araneus nigroquadratus Lawrence, 1937 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1 1
F Araneus strupifer (Simon, 1886) 1 LC AE 1 1 1
F Araneus tatianae Lessert, 1938 1 LC AE 1
M Araneus varus (Kauri, 1950) 6 DDT SAE KZNE 1
M Argiope anomalopalpis Bjørn, 1997 1 LC AE 1
F Argiope aurocincta Pocock, 1898 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Argiope australis (Walckenaer, 1805) 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Argiope flavipalpis (Lucas, 1858) 1 LC AE 1 1 1
B Argiope levii Bjørn, 1997 1 LC AE 1 1 1
B Argiope lobata (Pallas, 1772) 0 LC C 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Argiope trifasciata (Forsskål, 1775) 0 LC C 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Argiope tapinolobata Bjørn, 1997 1 LC AE 1
B Bijoaraneus legonensis (Grasshoff & Edmunds, 1979) 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1
F Caerostris corticosa Pocock, 1902 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Caerostris sexcuspidata (Fabricius, 1793) 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Caerostris tinamaze Gregorič, 2015 6 CR SAE LE 1
B Caerostris vicina (Blackwall, 1866) 1 LC AE 1 1 1
B Cladomelea akermani Hewitt, 1923 5 EN SAE KZNE 1
F Cladomelea debeeri Roff & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 2004 5 EN SAE KZNE 1
F Cladomelea longipes (O.P.-Cambridge, 1877) 1 LC AE 1
B Clitaetra irenae Kuntner, 2006 1 LC AE 1
B Cyclosa insulana (Costa, 1834) 0 LC C 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Cyclosa oculata (Walckenaer, 1802) 0 LC C 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Cyphalonotus larvatus (Simon, 1881) 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Cyrtarachne ixoides (Simon, 1870) 0 LC C 1 1 1
B Cyrtophora citricola (Forsskål, 1775) 0 LC C 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
F Cyrtophora petersi Karsch, 1878 2 LC STHE 1 1
B Eriovixia excelsa (Simon, 1889) 0 LC C 1 1 1 1
F Gasteracantha falcicornis Butler, 1873 1 LC AE 1 1
B Gasteracantha milvoides Butler, 1873 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1
B Gasteracantha sanguinolenta C.L. Koch, 1844 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Gasteracantha versicolor (Walckenaer, 1842) 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1
F Gastroxya benoiti Emerit, 1973 4 LC SAE 1
B Gea infuscata Tullgren, 1910 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1
B Hypsacantha crucimaculata (Dahl, 1914) 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Hypsosinga holzapfelae (Lessert, 1936) 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1
B Hypsosinga lithyphantoides Caporiacco, 1947 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Hypsosinga pygmaea (Sundevall, 1831) 0 LC C 1 1 1 1
F Ideocaira transversa Simon, 1903 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1
B Ideocaira triquetra Simon, 1903 4 LC SAE 1
B Isoxya cicatricosa (C.L. Koch, 1844) 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Isoxya mossamedensis Benoit, 1962 2 LC STHE 1 1 1
B Isoxya mucronata Walckenaer, 1841 1 LC AE 1 1 1
F Isoxya stuhlmanni Bosenberg & Lenz, 1895 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1
B Isoxya tabulata (Thorell, 1859) 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1
F Isoxya yatesi Emerit, 1973 3 DDT SAE 1 1
B Kilima decens (Blackwall, 1866) 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
F Larinia bifida Tullgren, 1910 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1
B Larinia chloris (Audouin, 1826) 0 LC C 1 1 1 1 1
B Larinia natalensis (Grasshoff, 1971) 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Lipocrea longissima (Simon, 1881) 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Mahembea hewitti (Lessert, 1930) 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1
B Megaraneus gabonensis (Lucas, 1858) 1 LC AE 1
M Nemoscolus cotti Lessert, 1933 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
F Nemoscolus elongatus Lawrence, 1947 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1 1
F Nemoscolus obscurus Simon, 1897 3 DDT SAE 1 1
F Nemoscolus tubicola (Simon, 1887) 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
F Nemoscolus vigintipunctatus Simon, 1897 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
F Nemospiza conspicillata Simon, 1903 5 DDT SAE LE 1
B Neoscona alberti (Strand, 1913) 1 LC AE 1 1
B Neoscona angulatula (Schenkel, 1937) 1 LC AE 1
B Neoscona blondeli (Simon, 1886) 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Neoscona chiarinii (Pavesi, 1883) 1 LC AE 1 1
B Neoscona hirta (C. L. Koch, 1844) 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Neoscona kivuensis Grasshoff, 1986 1 LC AE 1 1
B Neoscona moreli (Vinson, 1863) 0 LC C 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
F Neoscona novella (Simon, 1907) 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1
B Neoscona penicillipes (Karsch, 1879) 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Neoscona quadrigibbosa Grasshoff, 1986 1 LC AE 1
B Neoscona quincasea Roberts, 1983 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Neoscona rapta (Thorell, 1899) 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Neoscona rufipalpis (Lucas, 1858) 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Neoscona subfusca (C.L. Koch, 1837) 0 LC C 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Neoscona theisi theisiella (Tullgren, 1910) 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Neoscona triangula (Keyserling, 1864) 0 LC C 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Neoscona vigilans (Blackwall, 1865) 0 LC C 1 1 1 1 1
B Nephilingis cruentata (Fabricius, 1775) 0 LC C 1 1 1
M Paralarinia bartelsi (Lessert, 1933) 3 LC SAE 1 1 1
F Paraplectana thorntoni (Blackwall, 1865) 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1
F Paraplectana walleri (Blackwall, 1865) 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1
B Pararaneus cyrtoscapus (Pocock, 1898) 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Pararaneus perforatus (Thorell, 1899) 1 LC AE 1
B Pararaneus spectator (Karsch, 1885) 0 LC C 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
F Pasilobus dippenaarae Roff & Haddad, 2015 5 DDT SAE KZNE 1
F Poltys furcifer Simon, 1881 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Prasonica albolimbata Simon, 1895 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1
B Prasonica nigrotaeniata (Simon, 1909) 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1
B Prasonica seriata Simon, 1895 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Pycnacantha tribulus (Fabricius, 1781) 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
F Singa albodorsata Kauri, 1950 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1
F Singa lawrencei (Lessert, 1930) 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1
F Singafrotypa mandela Kuntner & Hormiga, 2002 3 LC SAE 1 1 1
B Trichonephila fenestrata (Thorell, 1859) 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Trichonephila inaurata madagascariensis (Vinson, 1863) 1 LC AE 1 1 1
B Trichonephila komaci Kuntner & Coddington, 2009 1 LC AE 1
B Trichonephila senegalensis annulata (Thorell, 1859) 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
F Ursa turbinata Simon, 1895 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1
FAMILY ARCHAEIDAE C. L. Koch & Berendt, 1854
B Afrarchaea ansiae Lotz, 2015 6 DD SAE KZNE 1
B Afrarchaea bergae Lotz, 1996 4 LC SAE 1 1
B Afrarchaea cornutus Lotz, 2003 6 VU SAE KZNE 1
F Afrarchaea entabeniensis Lotz, 2003 6 CR SAE LE 1
M Afrarchaea fernkloofensis Lotz, 1996 6 CR SAE ECE 1
B Afrarchaea godfreyi Hewitt, 1919 4 LC SAE 1 1
F Afrarchaea haddadi Lotz, 2006 6 DDT SAE ECE 1
F Afrarchaea harveyi Lotz, 2003 6 DDT SAE KZNE 1
F Afrarchaea kranskopensis Lotz, 1996 6 DDT SAE KZNE 1
M Afrarchaea lawrencei Lotz, 1996 6 DDT SAE KZNE 1
B Afrarchaea neethlingi Lotz, 2017 6 Rare SAE FSE 1
B Afrarchaea ngomensis Lotz, 1996 4 VU SAE 1 1
F Afrarchaea royalensis Lotz, 2006 6 DDT SAE KZNE 1
B Afrarchaea woodae Lotz, 2006 5 EN SAE ECE 1
FAMILY ATYPIDAE Thorell, 1870
M Calommata meridionalis Fourie, Haddad & Jocqué, 2011 5 NT SAE FSE 1
B Calommata transvaalica Hewitt, 1916 4 VU SAE 1 1
FAMILY BARYCHELIDAE Simon, 1889
F Pisenor arcturus (Tucker, 1917) 2 LC STHE 1 1 1
B Pisenor notius Simon, 1889 1 LC AE 1
F Sipalolasma humicola (Benoit, 1965) 1 LC AE 1 1 1
FAMILY BEMMERIDAE Simon, 1903
F Homostola abernethyi (Purcell, 1903) 5 DDT SAE ECE 1
F Homostola pardalina (Hewitt, 1913) 3 LC SAE 1 1 1
F Homostola reticulata (Purcell, 1902) 5 DDT SAE WCE 1
F Homostola vulpecula Simon, 1892 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1
B Homostola zebrina Purcell, 1902 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1
M Spiroctenus armatus Hewitt, 1913 6 DDT SAE ECE 1
F Spiroctenus broomi Tucker, 1917 6 DDT SAE WCE 1
B Spiroctenus cambierae (Purcell, 1902) 6 DD SAE WCE 1
M Spiroctenus coeruleus Lawrence, 1952 6 DDT SAE KZNE 1
B Spiroctenus collinus (Pocock, 1900) 5 DD SAE WCE 1
B Spiroctenus curvipes Hewitt, 1919 6 DD SAE KZNE 1
M Spiroctenus exilis Lawrence, 1938 6 DDT SAE KZNE 1
F Spiroctenus flavopunctatus (Purcell, 1903) 6 DDT SAE ECE 1
F Spiroctenus fossorius (Pocock, 1900) 6 DDT SAE ECE 1
F Spiroctenus fuliginosus (Pocock, 1902) 6 DDT SAE ECE 1
M Spiroctenus gooldi (Purcell, 1903) 5 DDT SAE WCE 1
M Spiroctenus inermis (Purcell, 1903) 4 DDT SAE 1 1
M Spiroctenus latus Purcell, 1904 6 DDT SAE WCE 1
B Spiroctenus lightfooti (Purcell, 1902) 4 DD SAE 1 1
F Spiroctenus lignicola Lawrence, 1937 6 DDT SAE KZNE 1
B Spiroctenus londinensis Hewitt, 1919 6 DD SAE ECE 1
B Spiroctenus marleyi Hewitt, 1919 6 DD SAE KZNE 1
B Spiroctenus minor (Hewitt, 1913) 6 DD SAE ECE 1
M Spiroctenus pallidipes Purcell, 1904 6 DDT SAE WCE 1
J Spiroctenus pardalina (Simon, 1903) 6 DDT SAE ?
J Spiroctenus pectiniger (Simon, 1903) 6 DDT SAE WCE 1
F Spiroctenus pilosus Tucker, 1917 5 DDT SAE FSE 1
F Spiroctenus punctatus Hewitt, 1916 5 DDT SAE KZNE 1
M Spiroctenus purcelli Tucker, 1917 6 DDT SAE WCE 1
B Spiroctenus sagittarius (Purcell, 1902) 6 DD SAE WCE 1
F Spiroctenus schreineri (Purcell, 1903) 4 DDT SAE 1 1
M Spiroctenus tricalcaratus (Purcell, 1903) 5 DDT SAE WCE 1
B Spiroctenus validus (Purcell, 1902) 5 DD SAE WCE 1
FAMILY CAPONIIDAE Simon, 1890
M Caponia braunsi Purcell, 1904 4 DDT SAE 1 1
B Caponia capensis Purcell, 1904 2 LC STHE 1 1 1
M Caponia chelifera Lessert, 1936 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1
M Caponia forficifera Purcell, 1904 5 DDT SAE WCE 1
B Caponia hastifera Purcell, 1904 4 LC SAE 1 1
B Caponia karrooica Purcell, 1904 4 DDT SAE 1 1
B Caponia natalensis (O.P.-Cambridge, 1874) 1 LC AE 1 1 1
F Caponia secunda Pocock, 1900 6 DDT SAE ECE 1
B Caponia simoni Purcell, 1904 6 DD SAE WCE 1
B Caponia spiralifera Purcell, 1904 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1 1
B Diplogena arida Haddad, 2015 2 LC STHE 1
B Diploglena capensis Purcell, 1904 5 DD SAE WCE 1
B Diploglena dippenaarae Haddad, 2015 5 EN SAE WCE 1
B Diploglena karooica Haddad, 2015 2 LC STHE 1 1
B Diploglena major Lawrence, 1928 2 LC STHE 1
B Diploglena proxila Haddad, 2015 6 CR SAE WCE 1
FAMILY CHEIRACANTHIIDAE Wagner, 1887
B Cheiracanthium aculeatum Simon, 1884 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1
B Cheiracanthium africanum Lessert, 1921 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Cheiracanthium angolensis Lotz, 2007 2 LC STHE 1 1
F Cheiracanthium dippenaarae Lotz, 2007 3 DD SAE 1 1 1
F Cheiracanthium foordi Lotz, 2015 6 DDT SAE LE 1
B Cheiracanthium furculatum Karsch, 1879 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Cheiracanthium minshullae Lotz, 2007 2 LC STHE 1 1
B Cheiracanthium schenkeli Caporiacco, 1949 1 LC AE 1 1
F Cheiracanthium shiluvanensis Lotz, 2007 4 DDT SAE 1 1
B Cheiracanthium vansoni Lawrence, 1936 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
M Cheiramiona akermani (Lawrence, 1942) 5 DDT SAE KZNE 1
B Cheiramiona amarifontis Lotz, 2002 4 LC SAE 1 1
B Cheiramiona ansiae Lotz, 2002 4 LC SAE 1 1 1
F Cheiramiona baviaan Lotz, 2015 6 DDT SAE ECE 1
F Cheiramiona boschrandensis Lotz, 2015 6 DDT SAE FSE 1
B Cheiramiona clavigera (Simon, 1897) 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1 1
B Cheiramiona collinita (Lawrence, 1938) 4 LC SAE 1 1
M Cheiramiona debeeri Lotz, 2015 6 DDT SAE ME 1
B Cheiramiona ferrumfontis Lotz, 2002 4 LC SAE 1 1
B Cheiramiona filipes (Simon, 1898) 2 LC STHE 1 1 1
B Cheiramiona florisbadensis Lotz, 2002 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1 1
M Cheiramiona fontanus Lotz, 2002 6 DDT SAE FSE 1
M Cheiramiona haddadi Lotz, 2015 6 DDT SAE KZNE 1
M Cheiramiona hlathikulu Lotz, 2015 5 DDT SAE KZNE 1
B Cheiramiona hogsbackensis Lotz, 2015 5 CR SAE ECE 1
M Cheiramiona jakobsbaaiensis Lotz, 2015 6 DDT SAE WCE 1
B Cheiramiona kentaniensis Lotz, 2003 5 LC SAE ECE 1
B Cheiramiona kirkspriggsi Lotz, 2015 5 LC SAE KZNE 1
B Cheiramiona krugerensis Lotz, 2003 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1 1
B Cheiramiona lajuma Lotz, 2003 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1 1
M Cheiramiona langi Lotz, 2003 2 DDT STHE 1
M Cheiramiona lindae Lotz, 2015 6 DDT SAE ECE 1
B Cheiramiona mkhambathi Lotz, 2015 6 DDT SAE ECE 1
B Cheiramiona mlawula Lotz, 2003 2 LC STHE 1 1
B Cheiramiona paradisus Lotz, 2003 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Cheiramiona plaatbosensis Lotz, 2015 4 LC SAE 1 1
M Cheiramiona qachasneki Lotz, 2015 5 DDT SAE ECE 1
B Cheiramiona regis Lotz, 2003 4 LC SAE 1 1
M Cheiramiona robinae Lotz, 2015 5 DDT SAE ECE 1
B Cheiramiona saniensis Lotz, 2015 5 LC SAE KZNE 1
B Cheiramiona silvicola (Lawrence, 1938) 3 LC SAE 1 1 1
B Cheiramiona simplicitarsis (Simon, 1910) 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1
M Cheiramiona stellenboschiensis Lotz, 2003 5 DD SAE WCE 1
M Cheiramiona tembensis Lotz, 2015 6 DDT SAE KZNE 1
F Cheiramiona upperbyensis Lotz, 2015 5 DDT SAE 1
M Lessertina capensis Haddad, 2014 5 DDT SAE WCE 1
B Lessertina mutica Lawrence, 1942 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1
FAMILY CITHAERONIDAE Simon, 1893
M Cithaeron contentum Jocqué & Russel-Smith, 2011 4 DD SAE 1 1
FAMILY CLUBIONIDAE Wagner, 1887
B Clubiona abbajensis Strand, 1906 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1
B Clubiona africana Lessert, 1921 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Clubiona annuligera Lessert, 1929 1 LC AE 1 1
M Clubiona aspidiphora Simon, 1910 2 DDT STHE 1
M Clubiona bevisi Lessert, 1923 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1
M Clubiona biaculeata Simon, 1897 6 DDT SAE ECE 1
F Clubiona capensis Simon, 1897 6 DDT SAE ECE 1
M Clubiona citricolor Lawrence, 1952 4 DDT SAE 1 1
F Clubiona durbana Roewer, 1951 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1 1
M Clubiona godfreyi Lessert, 1921 1 LC AE 1 1
F Clubiona helva Simon, 1897 6 DDT SAE KZNE 1
M Clubiona kiboschensis Lessert, 1921 1 LC AE 1
F Clubiona lawrencei Roewer, 1951 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1
B Clubiona limpida Simon, 1897 6 DDT SAE KZNE 1
M Clubiona natalica Simon, 1897 6 DDT SAE KZNE 1
F Clubiona nollothensis Simon, 1897 5 DDT SAE NCE 1
B Clubiona pongolensis Lawrence, 1952 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1
F Clubiona pupillaris Lawrence, 1938 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1 1
B Clubiona revillioidi Lessert, 1936 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1
M Clubiona rumpiana Lawrence, 1952 5 DDT SAE KZNE 1
M Clubiona sigillata Lawrence, 1952 3 LC SAE 1 1 1
J Clubiona sparassella Strand, 1909 6 DDT SAE ?
B Clubiona subtrivialis Strand, 1906 1 LC AE 1 1
M Clubiona umbilensis Lessert, 1923 3 LC SAE 1 1
F Clubiona vachoni Lawrence, 1952 5 DDT SAE KZNE 1
B Clubiona valens Simon, 1897 5 DD SAE KZNE 1
FAMILY CORINNIDAE Karsch, 1880
B Apochinomma decepta Haddad, 2013 2 LC STHE 1 1
M Apochinomma elongata Haddad, 2013 1 LC AE 1 1
B Apochinomma formicaeforme Pavesi, 1881 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1
B Austrophaea zebra Lawrence, 1952 4 LC SAE 1 1
B Cambalida dippenaarae Haddad, 2012 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Cambalida fulvipes Simon, 1896 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Coenoptychus mutillica (Haddad, 2004) 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1
B Coenoptychus tropicalis (Haddad, 2004) 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1
B Copa flavoplumosa Simon, 1885 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Copa kei Haddad, 2013 4 LC SAE 1 1
B Copuetta erecta Haddad, 2013 2 LC STHE 1 1
B Copuetta lacustris (Strand, 1916) 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Copuetta lotzi Haddad, 2013 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1 1
B Copuetta magna Haddad, 2013 1 LC AE 1 1
B Copuetta maputa Haddad, 2013 2 LC STHE 1
B Corinnomma lawrencei Haddad, 2006 1 LC AE 1 1
B Corinnomma semiglabrum (Simon, 1896) 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1
B Echinax natalensis Haddad, 2012 4 LC SAE 1 1
B Echinax similis Haddad, 2012 6 DD SAE KZNE 1
B Graptartia granulosa Simon, 1896 1 LC AE 1
F Hortipes aelurisiepae Bosselaers & Jocqué, 2000 2 LC STHE 1
F Hortipes atalante Bosselaers & Jocqué, 2000 5 VU SAE KZNE 1
B Hortipes coccinatus Bosselaers & Jocqué, 2000 5 VU SAE LE 1
B Hortipes contubernalis Bosselaers & Jocqué, 2000 5 Rare SAE LE 1
M Hortipes griswoldi Bosselaers & Jocqué, 2000 4 DDT SAE 1 1
M Hortipes hyakutake Bosselaers & Jocqué, 2000 6 DDT SAE ECE 1
F Hortipes irimus Bosselaers & Jocqué, 2000 6 DDT SAE KZNE 1
F Hortipes licnophorus Bosselaers & Jocqué, 2000 6 DDT SAE ME 1
B Hortipes luytenae Bosselaers & Ledoux, 1998 6 DD SAE KZNE 1
B Hortipes merwei Bosselaers & Jocqué, 2000 5 VU SAE KZNE 1
F Hortipes mesembrinus Bosselaers & Jocqué, 2000 5 DDT SAE ECE 1
M Hortipes rothorum Bosselaers & Jocqué, 2000 6 DDT SAE KZNE 1
B Hortipes schoemanae Bosselaers & Jocqué, 2000 2 LC STHE 1 1 1
B Hortipes wimmertensi Bosselaers & Jocqué, 2000 5 CR SAE KZNE 1
B Medmassa semiaurantiaca Simon, 1910 1 LC AE 1
B Merenius alberti Lessert, 1923 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Merenius simoni Lessert, 1921 1 LC AE 1 1
B Messapus martini Simon, 1898 1 LC AE 1 1 1
F Messapus meridionalis Haddad & Mbo, 2015 6 DDT SAE KZNE 1
B Messapus natalis (Pocock, 1898) 2 LC STHE 1 1
B Pronophaea natalica Simon, 1897 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1 1
B Pronophaea proxima (Lessert, 1923) 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1
F Pronophaea vidua (Lessert, 1923) 5 DDT SAE KZNE 1
B Vendaphaea lajuma Haddad, 2009 5 DD SAE LE 1
FAMILY CTENIDAE Keyserling, 1877
M Africactenus tridentatus Hyatt, 1954 2 LC STHE 1 1
B Ctenus caligineus des Arts, 1912 1 LC AE 1
M Ctenus corniger F.O.P.-Cambridge, 1898 6 DDT SAE KZNE 1
F Ctenus gulosus Des Arts, 1912 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1
F Ctenus parvoculatus Benoit, 1979 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1 1
B Ctenus pulchriventris (Simon, 1896) 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1
B Ctenus spectabilis Lessert, 1921 1 LC AE 1
M Ctenus transvaalensis Benoit, 1981 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1 1
FAMYLY CYATHOLIPIDAE Simon, 1894
B Cyatholipus avus Griswold, 1987 4 LC SAE 1 1
F Cyatholipus hirsutissimus Simon, 1894 4 LC SAE 1 1
F Cyatholipus icubatus Griswold, 1987 5 DD SAE KZNE 1
B Cyatholipus isolatus Griswold, 1987 4 NT SAE 1 1
B Cyatholipus quadrimaculatus Simon, 1894 4 LC SAE 1 1
M Cyatholipus tortilis Griswold, 1987 6 Rare SAE KZNE 1
B Ilisoa conjugalis Griswold, 1987 5 Rare SAE WCE 1
F Ilisoa hawequas Griswold, 1987 6 DD SAE WCE 1
M Ilisoa knysna Griswold, 1987 5 VU SAE WCE 1
B Isicabu reavelli Griswold, 1987 6 DD SAE KZNE 1
M Isicabu zuluensis Griswold, 1987 5 VU SAE KZNE 1
B Pokennips dentipes Simon, 1894 5 DD SAE WCE 1
B Ubacisi capensis (Griswold, 1987) 4 LC SAE 1 1
B Ulwembua denticulata Griswold, 1987 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1 1
B Ulwembua outeniqua Griswold, 1987 4 LC SAE 1 1
B Ulwembua pulchra Griswold, 1987 4 LC SAE 1 1
FAMILY CYRTAUCHENIIDAE Simon, 1889
B Ancylotrypa barbertoni (Hewitt, 1913) 4 DD SAE 1 1
B Ancylotrypa brevicornis (Hewitt, 1919) 3 LC SAE 1 1 1
B Ancylotrypa brevipalpis (Hewitt, 1916) 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Ancylotrypa breyeri (Hewitt, 1919) 6 DD SAE KZNE 1
B Ancylotrypa bulcocki (Hewitt, 1916) 6 DD SAE ECE 1
F Ancylotrypa coloniae (Pocock, 1902) 6 DDT SAE ECE 1
B Ancylotrypa cornuta Purcell, 1904 5 DD SAE ECE 1
F Ancylotrypa dentata (Purcell, 1903) 6 DDT SAE NCE 1
B Ancylotrypa dreyeri (Hewitt, 1915) 5 DDT SAE FSE 1
B Ancylotrypa elongata Purcell, 1908 2 LC STHE 1 1 1
F Ancylotrypa flavidofusula (Hewitt, 1915) 6 DDT SAE ECE 1
F Ancylotrypa lateralis (Purcell, 1902) 5 DDT SAE ECE 1
F Ancylotrypa magnisigillata (Hewitt, 1914) 5 DDT SAE KZNE 1
M Ancylotrypa namaquensis (Purcell, 1908) 5 LC SAE NCE 1
M Ancylotrypa nigriceps (Purcell, 1902) 3 LC SAE 1 1 1
B Ancylotrypa nuda (Hewitt, 1916) 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1 1
M Ancylotrypa nudipes (Hewitt, 1923) 6 DDT SAE ECE 1
F Ancylotrypa oneili (Purcell, 1902) 6 DDT SAE ECE 1
M Ancylotrypa pallidipes (Purcell, 1904) 5 DDT SAE WCE 1
M Ancylotrypa parva (Hewitt, 1916) 6 DDT SAE ECE 1
B Ancylotrypa pretoriae (Hewitt, 1913) 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1 1
B Ancylotrypa pusilla (Purcell, 1903) 5 LC SAE NCE 1
B Ancylotrypa rufescens (Hewitt, 1916) 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1
B Ancylotrypa sororum (Hewitt, 1916) 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1
B Ancylotrypa spinosa Simon, 1889 5 DD SAE ECE 1
M Ancylotrypa tookei (Hewitt, 1919) 5 DDT SAE ECE 1
F Ancylotrypa vryheidensis (Hewitt, 1915) 5 LC SAE KZNE 1
F Ancylotrypa zebra (Simon, 1892) 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1
M Ancylotrypa zuluensis (Lawrence, 1937) 5 DDT SAE KZNE 1
FAMILY DEINOPIDAE C.L. Koch, 1850
B Deinopis anchietae Brito Capello, 1867 1 LC AE 1 1 1
F Deinopis aspectans Pocock, 1900 1 LC AE 1 1 1
B Deinopis cornigera Gerstäcker, 1873 1 LC AE 1 1 1
B Deinopis cylindrica Pocock, 1898 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1
B Menneus camelus Pocock, 1902 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Menneus capensis (Purcell, 1904) 5 LC SAE WCE 1
B Menneus dromedarius Purcell, 1904 1 LC AE 1 1 1
FAMILY DESIDAE Pocock, 1895
B Badumna longinqua (L. Koch, 1867) 0 LC C 1 1
B Desis formidabilis (O.P.Cambridge, 1890) 2 LC STHE 1 1 1
FAMILY DICTYNIDAE O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1871
B Archaeodictyna condocta (O.P.-Cambridge, 1876) 0 LC C 1 1 1 1 1
B Archaeodictyna ulova Griswold & Meikle-Griswold, 1987 3 LC SAE 1 1 1
B Brigittea civica (Lucas, 1850) 0 LC C 1
F Mashimo leleupi Lehtinen, 1967 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1
F Shango capicola (Strand, 1909) 6 DDT SAE WCE 1
FAMILY DRYMUSIDAE Simon, 1893
B Izithunzi capense (Simon, 1893) 5 Rare SAE WCE 1
B Izithunzi lina Labarque, Pérez-González & Griswold, 2017 5 Rare SAE WCE 1
B Izithunzi productum (Purcell, 1904) 5 Rare SAE WCE 1
B Izithunzi silvicola (Purcell, 1904) 4 Rare SAE 1 1
F Izithunzi zondii Labarque, Pérez-González & Griswold, 2017 5 DDT SAE KZNE 1
FAMILY DYSDERIDAE C.L. Koch, 1837
B Dysdera crocata C.L. Koch, 1838 0 LC C 1 1 1
FAMILY ENTYPESIDAE Bond, Opatova & Hedin, 2020
B Afropesa gauteng Zonstein & Ríos-Tamayo, 2021 6 DD SAE GE 1
B Afropesa schoutedeni (Benoit, 1965) 6 LC SAE LE 1
B Afropesa schwendingeri Zonstein & Ríos-Tamayo, 2021 6 DD SAE LE 1
B Brachytheliscus bicolor Pocock, 1897 5 VU SAE KZNE 1
B Hermacha brevicauda Purcell, 1903 5 DDT SAE WCE 1
B Hermacha curvipes Purcell, 1902 3 LC SAE 1 1
B Hermacha evanescens Purcell, 1903 3 DDT SAE NCE 1 1 1
M Hermacha fulva Tucker, 1917 6 DDT SAE WCE 1
B Hermacha lanata Purcell, 1902 5 DDT SAE WCE 1
M Hermacha maraisae Ríos-Tamayo, Engelbrecht & Golobof, 2021 6 DDT SAE NCE 1
B Hermacha montana Ríos-Tamayo, Engelbrecht & Golobof, 2021 5 LC SAE WCE 1
B Hermacha nigrispinosa Tucker, 1917 5 LC SAE WCE 1
J Hermacha purcelli (Simon, 1903) 6 DDT SAE WCE 1
B Hermacha septemtrionalis Ríos-Tamayo, Engelbrecht & Goloboff, 2021 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1
B Hermacha sericea Purcell, 1902 4 LC SAE 1 1
B Hermacha tuckeri Raven, 1985 5 DD SAE WCE 1
B Hermachola capensis Ríos-Tamayo, Engelbrecht & Goloboff, 2021 6 DD SAE WCE 1
B Hermachola crudeni (Hewitt, 1913) 5 DDT SAE ECE 1
B Hermachola lyleae Ríos-Tamayo, Engelbrecht & Goloboff, 2021 5 LC SAE ECE 1
B Lepthercus confusus Ríos-Tamayo & Lyle, 2020 5 LC SAE KZNE 1
B Lepthercus dippenaarae Ríos-Tamayo & Lyle, 2020 5 DD SAE ECE 1
B Lepthercus dregei Purcell, 1902 5 LC SAE ECE 1
B Lepthercus engelbrechti Ríos-Tamayo & Lyle, 2020 4 DD SAE 1 1
F Lepthercus filmeri Ríos-Tamayo & Lyle, 2020 5 DD SAE ME 1
B Lepthercus haddadi Ríos-Tamayo & Lyle, 2020 4 DD SAE 1 1
B Lepthercus kwazuluensis Ríos-Tamayo & Lyle, 2020 3 LC SAE 1 1
F Lepthercus lawrencei Ríos-Tamayo & Lyle, 2020 5 DD SAE ECE 1
B Lepthercus mandelai Ríos-Tamayo & Lyle, 2020 6 DD SAE ECE 1
B Lepthercus rattrayi Hewitt, 1917 5 LC SAE ECE 1
M Lepthercus sofiae Ríos-Tamayo & Lyle, 2020 5 LC SAE WCE 1
FAMILY ERESIDAE C.L. Koch, 1845
B Dresserus angusticeps Purcell, 1904 5 DDT SAE WCE 1
F Dresserus collinus Pocock, 1900 5 DDT SAE WCE 1
F Dresserus colsoni Tucker, 1920 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1 1
B Dresserus kannemeyeri Tucker, 1920 4 LC SAE 1 1
F Dresserus laticeps Purcell, 1904 5 DDT SAE NCE 1
F Dresserus namaquensis Purcell, 1908 5 LC SAE NCE 1
F Dresserus nigellus Tucker, 1920 5 DDT SAE WCE 1
F Dresserus obscurus Pocock, 1898 5 DDT SAE KZNE 1
F Dresserus olivaceus Pocock, 1900 6 DDT SAE ECE 1
B Dresserus schreineri Tucker, 1920 4 DD SAE 1 1
F Dresserus tripartitus Lawrence, 1938 6 DDT SAE KZNE 1
B Gandanameno fumosa (C.L. Koch, 1837) 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1 1 1
F Gandanameno purcelli (Tucker, 1920) 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Gandanameno spenceri (Pocock, 1900) 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1 1
M Paradonea parva (Tucker, 1920) 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1
M Paradonea presleyi Miller, Griswold, Scharff, Rezac, Szuts & Marhabaie, 2012 2 LC STHE 1 1
M Paradonea splendens (Lawrence, 1936) 3 DDT SAE 1 1 1
M Paradonea striatipes Lawrence, 1968 2 LC STHE 1
B Paradonea variegata (Purcell, 1904) 2 LC STHE 1 1
B Seothyra fasciata Purcell, 1904 2 LC STHE 1 1 1
B Seothyra longipedata Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1991 2 LC STHE 1 1
M Seothyra perelegans Simon, 1906 4 DDT SAE 1 1
B Seothyra schreineri Purcell, 1903 2 LC STHE 1 1 1
M Seothyra semicoccinea Simon, 1906 6 DDT SAE ECE 1
B Stegodyphus africanus (Blackwall, 1866) 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1
B Stegodyphus bicolor (O.P. Cambridge, 1869) 2 LC STHE 1
B Stegodyphus dumicola Pocock, 1898 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Stegodyphus mimosarum Pavesi, 1883 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
F Stegodyphus sabulosus Tullgren, 1910 1 LC AE 1 1
B Stegodyphus tentoriicola Purcell, 1904 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1 1
FAMILY EUAGRIDAE Raven, 1979
B Allothele australis (Purcell, 1903) 4 LC SAE 1 1
B Allothele caffer (Pocock, 1902) 4 LC SAE 1 1
B Allothele malawi Coyle, 1984 1 LC AE 1 1 1
B Allothele teretis Tucker, 1920 3 LC SAE WCE 1 1
F Euagrus atropurpureus Purcell, 1903 6 DD SAE 1
FAMILY FILISTATIDAE Simon, 1864
B Andoharano ansieae Zonstein & Marusik, 2015 2 LC STHE 1
FAMILY GALLIENIELLIDAE Millot, 1947
B Austrachelas bergi Haddad, Lyle, Bosselaers & Ramirez, 2009 4 LC SAE 1 1
F Austrachelas entabeni Haddad & Mbo, 2017 6 DDT SAE LE 1
B Austrachelas incertus Lawrence, 1938 5 VU SAE KZNE 1
M Austrachelas kalaharinus Haddad, Lyle, Bosselaers & Ramirez, 2009 4 DDT SAE 1 1 1
F Austrachelas merwei Haddad, Lyle, Bosselaers & Ramirez, 2009 6 DD SAE KZNE 1
B Austrachelas natalensis Lawrence, 1942 5 LC SAE KZNE 1
B Austrachelas pondoensis Haddad, Lyle, Bosselaers & Ramirez, 2009 6 DD SAE ECE 1
B Austrachelas reavelli Haddad, Lyle, Bosselaers & Ramirez, 2009 5 DD SAE KZNE 1
M Austrachelas sexoculata Haddad, Lyle, Bosselaers & Ramirez, 2009 6 DDT SAE ECE 1
B Austrachelas wassenaari Haddad, Lyle, Bosselaers & Ramirez, 2009 5 Rare SAE KZNE 1
B Drassodella amatola Mbo & Haddad, 2019 5 LC SAE ECE 1
B Drassodella aurostriata Mbo & Haddad, 2019 5 LC SAE WCE 1
M Drassodella baviaans Mbo & Haddad, 2019 6 DDT SAE ECE 1
B Drassodella flava Mbo & Haddad, 2019 3 LC SAE 1 1 1
B Drassodella guttata Mbo & Haddad, 2019 6 DD SAE FSE 1
F Drassodella lotzi Mbo & Haddad, 2019 6 DDT SAE KZNE 1
F Drassodella maculata Mbo & Haddad, 2019 5 LC SAE ECE 1
B Drassodella melana Tucker, 1923 3 LC SAE 1 1 1
B Drassodella montana Mbo & Haddad, 2019 5 LC SAE KZNE 1
F Drassodella purcelli Tucker, 1923 5 DDT SAE WCE 1
B Drassodella quinquelabecula Tucker, 1923 5 LC SAE WCE 1
B Drassodella salisburyi Hewitt, 1916 5 LC SAE ECE 1
B Drassodella septemmaculata (Strand, 1909) 4 LC SAE 1 1
B Drassodella tenebrosa Lawrence, 1938 5 EN SAE KZNE 1
B Drassodella tolkieni Mbo & Haddad, 2019 5 DD SAE ECE 1
B Drassodella transversa Mbo & Haddad, 2019 5 DD SAE ME 1
F Drassodella trilineata Mbo & Haddad, 2019 6 DDT SAE ECE 1
B Drassodella vasivulva Tucker, 1923 5 LC SAE WCE 1
B Drassodella venda Mbo & Haddad, 2019 5 LC SAE LE 1
FAMYLY GNAPHOSIDAE Banks, 1892
B Ammoxenus amphalodes Dippenaar & Meyer, 1980 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Ammoxenus coccineus Simon, 1893 2 LC STHE 1 1 1
B Ammoxenus daedalus Dippenaar & Meyer, 1980 5 DD SAE LE 1
F Ammoxenus kalaharicus Benoit, 1972 2 LC STHE 1 1
B Ammoxenus pentheri Simon, 1896 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1
B Ammoxenus psammodromus Simon, 1910 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1
B Amusia cataracta Tucker, 1923 2 LC STHE 1 1 1
F Aneplasa balnearia Tucker, 1923 5 DDT SAE WCE 1
F Aneplasa facies Tucker, 1923 4 LC SAE 1 1
F Aneplasa interrogationis Tucker, 1923 3 LC SAE 1 1
F Aneplasa nigra Tucker, 1923 4 LC SAE 1 1
M Aneplasa primaris Tucker, 1923 5 DDT SAE WCE 1
F Aneplasa sculpturata Tucker, 1923 5 DDT SAE WCE 1
M Aphantaulax australis Simon, 1893 6 DDT SAE ECE 1
M Aphantaulax inornata Tucker, 1923 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1 1
F Aphantaulax signicollis Tucker, 1923 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Aphantaulax stationis Tucker, 1923 2 LC STHE 1 1 1
B Asemesthes albovittatus Purcell, 1908 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1
F Asemesthes ales Tucker, 1923 6 DDT SAE ECE 1
B Asemesthes ceresicola Tucker, 1923 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
F Asemesthes decoratus Purcell, 1908 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1 1
F Asemesthes flavipes Purcell, 1908 2 LC STHE 1
M Asemesthes fodina Tucker, 1923 2 LC STHE 1
F Asemesthes lamberti Tucker, 1923 5 DDT SAE WCE 1
F Asemesthes lineatus Purcell, 1908 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1
M Asemesthes modestus Dalmas, 1921 6 DDT SAE LE 1
B Asemesthes montanus Tucker, 1923 3 LC SAE 1 1 1
F Asemesthes nigristernus Dalmas, 1921 6 DDT SAE ? 1
B Asemesthes numisma Tucker, 1923 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1
B Asemesthes oconnori Tucker, 1923 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1
F Asemesthes pallidus Purcell, 1908 3 LC SAE 1 1 1
F Asemesthes paynteri Tucker, 1923 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1 1 1
F Asemesthes purcelli Tucker, 1923 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Asemesthes reflexus Tucker, 1923 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1 1
B Asemesthes subnubilus Simon, 1887 2 LC STHE 1 1
B Camillina aldabrae (Strand, 1907) 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1
B Camillina biplagia Tucker, 1923 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1 1
B Camillina capensis Platnick & Murphy, 1987 3 LC SAE 1 1 1
B Camillina cordifera (Tullgren, 1910) 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Camillina maun Platnick & Murphy, 1987 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Camillina pavesii (Simon, 1897) 1 LC AE 1 1 1
B Camillina procurva (Purcell, 1908) 1 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1
B Camillina setosa Tucker, 1923 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1
F Diaphractus leipoldti Purcell, 1907 3 LC SAE 1 1 1
F Drassodes bechuanicus Tucker, 1923 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1
M Drassodes caffrerianus Purcell, 1907 6 DDT SAE ECE 1
F Drassodes calceatus Purcell, 1907 6 DDT SAE WCE 1
F Drassodes dregei Purcell, 1907 6 DDT SAE ECE 1
B Drassodes ereptor Purcell, 1907 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1 1 1
F Drassodes gooldi Purcell, 1907 6 DDT SAE WCE 1
M Drassodes helenae Purcell, 1907 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1
B Drassodes lophognathus Purcell, 1907 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
F Drassodes lyratus Purcell, 1907 6 DDT SAE WCE 1
M Drassodes masculus Tucker, 1923 2 LC STHE 1 1
B Drassodes sesquidentatus Purcell, 1908 3 LC SAE 1
F Drassodes solitarius Purcell, 1907 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Drassodes splendens Tucker, 1923 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
M Drassodes stationis Tucker, 1923 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Drassodes tesselatus Purcell, 1907 3 LC SAE 1 1 1
F Drassodes tortuosus Tucker, 1923 6 DDT SAE KZNE 1
B Echemus erutus Tucker, 1923 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1
F Eilica fusca Platnick, 1975 6 DDT SAE ECE 1
M Eilica lotzi FitzPatrick, 2002 5 DDT SAE FSE 1
B Ibala arcus (Tucker, 1923) 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Ibala bilinearis (Tucker, 1923) 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1
B Ibala bulawayensis (Tucker, 1923) 2 LC STHE 1 1
B Ibala lapidaria (Lawrence, 1928) 2 LC STHE 1 1 1
F Ibala okorosave FitzPatrick, 2009 2 LC STHE 1
F Leptodrassus bergensis Tucker, 1923 6 DDT SAE WCE 1
F Leptodrassus licentiosus Dalmas, 1919 6 DDT SAE WCE 1
B Marinarozelotes jaxartensis (Kroneberg, 1875) 0 LC C 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
M Megamyrmaekion schreineri Tucker, 1923 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1
F Megamyrmaekion transvaalense Tucker, 1923 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
F Megamyrmaekion velox Simon, 1887 2 LC STHE 1
B Micaria basaliducta Booysen & Haddad, 2021 5 LC SAE WCE 1
B Micaria beaufortia Tucker, 1923 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Micaria bispicula Booysen & Haddad, 2021 2 LC STHE 1 1
B Micaria chrysis (Simon, 1910) 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Micaria durbana Booysen & Haddad, 2021 1 LC AE 1
B Micaria felix Booysen & Haddad, 2021 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
M Micaria koingnaas Booysen & Haddad, 2021 4 DD SAE 1 1
F Micaria lata Booysen & Haddad, 2021 2 LC STHE 1
M Micaria laxa Booysen & Haddad, 2021 6 DD SAE ECE 1
M Micaria mediospina Booysen & Haddad, 2021 6 DD SAE ECE 1
B Micaria quinquemaculosa Booysen & Haddad, 2021 2 LC STHE 1 1
M Micaria sanipass Booysen & Haddad, 2021 6 DD SAE KZNE 1
M Micaria scutellata Booysen & Haddad, 2021 5 DD SAE KZNE 1
M Micaria tersissima Simon, 1910 6 DDT SAE NCE 1
M Nomisia australis Dalmas, 1921 6 DDT SAE WCE 1
F Nomisia frenata (Purcell, 1908) 6 DDT SAE NCE 1
F Nomisia notia Dalmas, 1921 5 DDT SAE NCE 1
F Nomisia transvaalica Dalmas, 1921 4 LC SAE 1 1 1
M Nomisia tubula (Tucker, 1923) 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1
B Nomisia varia (Tucker, 1923) 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Odontodrassus aphanes (Thorell, 1897) 0 LC C 1
F Poecilochroa anomala (Hewitt, 1915) 2 LC STHE 1 1 1
F Poecilochroa capensis Strand, 1909 3 LC SAE 1 1 1
F Poecilochroa involuta Tucker, 1923 3 LC SAE 1 1 1
B Pterotricha auris (Tucker, 1923) 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Rastellus deserticola Haddad, 2003 2 LC STHE 1 1
B Rastellus florisbad Platnick & Griffin, 1990 3 DD SAE 1 1
B Rastellus kariba Platnick & Griffin, 1990 2 LC STHE 1
F Scotophaeus marleyi Tucker, 1923 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1
F Scotophaeus natalensis Lawrence, 1938 2 LC STHE 1 1
F Scotophaeus purcelli Tucker, 1923 3 LC SAE 1 1
M Scotophaeus relegatus Purcell, 1907 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1
B Setaphis browni (Tucker, 1923) 0 LC C 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Setaphis makalali Fitzpatrick, 2005 6 DD SAE LE 1
B Setaphis sexmaculata Simon, 1893 4 DDT SAE 1 1
B Setaphis subtilis (Simon, 1897) 0 LC C 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
F Smionia capensis Dalmas, 1920 6 DDT SAE ?
B Smionia lineatipes (Purcell, 1908) 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1 1
F Trephopoda aplanita (Tucker, 1923) 4 LC SAE 1 1
F Trephopoda biamenta (Tucker, 1923) 5 DDT SAE WCE 1
F Trephopoda hanoveria Tucker, 1923 5 DDT SAE NCE 1
B Trephopoda kannemeyeri (Tucker, 1923) 3 LC SAE 1 1
M Trephopoda parvipalpa (Tucker, 1923) 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1
F Trichothyse africana (Tucker, 1923) 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
F Trichothyse hortensis Tucker, 1923 2 LC STHE 1 1
B Urozelotes rusticus (L. Koch, 1872) 0 LC C 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
F Xerophaeus ahenus Purcell, 1908 4 LC SAE 1 1
F Xerophaeus anthropoides Hewitt, 1916 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1
B Xerophaeus appendiculatus Purcell, 1907 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Xerophaeus aridus Purcell, 1907 2 LC STHE 1 1
B Xerophaeus aurariarum Purcell, 1907 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Xerophaeus bicavus Tucker, 1923 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
F Xerophaeus biplagiatus Tullgren, 1910 1 LC AE 1
B Xerophaeus capensis Purcell, 1907 4 LC SAE 1 1
B Xerophaeus communis Purcell, 1907 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1
B Xerophaeus coruscus kibonotensis Tullgren, 1910 1 LC AE 1
B Xerophaeus crusculus Tucker, 1923 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1
M Xerophaeus crustosus Purcell, 1907 5 DDT SAE ECE 1
B Xerophaeus exiguus Purcell, 1907 4 DD SAE 1 1
F Xerophaeus flammeus Tucker, 1923 5 DDT SAE WCE 1
M Xerophaeus flavescens Purcell, 1907 4 DDT SAE 1 1
F Xerophaeus hottentottus Purcell, 1908 3 LC SAE 1 1 1
B Xerophaeus lightfooti Purcell, 1907 3 LC SAE 1 1
B Xerophaeus longispinus Purcell, 1908 3 DD SAE 1 1
B Xerophaeus lunulifer Purcell, 1907 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1
F Xerophaeus maritimus Lawrence, 1938 5 DDT SAE KZNE 1
F Xerophaeus matroosbergensis Tucker, 1923 4 LC SAE 1 1
M Xerophaeus pallidus Tucker, 1923 5 DDT SAE KZNE 1
M Xerophaeus patricki Purcell, 1907 2 LC STHE 1 1
F Xerophaeus phaseolus Tucker, 1923 5 DDT SAE WCE 1
B Xerophaeus rostratus Purcell, 1907 3 LC SAE 1 1 1
F Xerophaeus rubeus Tucker, 1923 2 LC STHE 1 1
F Xerophaeus silvaticus Tucker, 1923 3 LC SAE 1
B Xerophaeus spiralifer Purcell, 1907 4 LC SAE 1 1 1
B Xerophaeus spoliator Purcell, 1907 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1
F Xerophaeus tenebrosus Tucker, 1923 3 LC SAE 1 1 1
B Xerophaeus vickermani Tucker, 1923 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1 1
F Xerophaeus zuluensis Lawrence, 1938 3 LC SAE 1 1
B Zelotes aestus (Tucker, 1923) 2 LC STHE 1 1
F Zelotes albanicus (Hewitt, 1915) 3 LC SAE 1 1 1
B Zelotes aridus (Purcell, 1907) 1 LC AE 1 1
B Zelotes bastardi (Simon, 1896) 1 LC AE 1 1
B Zelotes broomi (Purcell, 1907) 5 LC SAE WCE 1
B Zelotes caldarius (Purcell, 1907) 2 LC STHE 1 1
B Zelotes capensis FitzPatrick, 2007 3 LC SAE 1 1 1
B Zelotes capsula Tucker, 1923 3 LC SAE 1 1 1
B Zelotes chinguli Fitzpatrick, 2007 2 LC STHE 1
B Zelotes corrugatus (Purcell, 1907) 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Zelotes doddieburni FitzPatrick, 2007 2 LC STHE 1
F Zelotes flavitarsis (Purcell, 1908) 5 DDT SAE NCE 1
M Zelotes florisbad FitzPatrick, 2007 3 LC SAE 1 1 1
B Zelotes frenchi Tucker, 1923 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Zelotes fuligineus (Purcell, 1907) 1 LC AE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Zelotes gooldi (Purcell, 1907) 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1
B Zelotes haplodrassoides (Denis, 1955) 1 LC AE 1 1 1
B Zelotes humilis (Purcell, 1907) 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
F Zelotes invidus (Purcell, 1907) 2 LC STHE 1 1 1
F Zelotes kuncinyanus FitzPatrick, 2007 6 DDT SAE WCE 1
B Zelotes lavus Tucker, 1923 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
F Zelotes lightfooti (Purcell, 1907) 3 LC SAE 1 1 1 1
B Zelotes lotzi FitzPatrick, 2007 3 LC SAE 1 1 1
F Zelotes mashonus FitzPatrick, 2007 1 LC AE 1 1
M Zelotes muizenbergensis FitzPatrick, 2007 6 DDT SAE WCE 1
M Zelotes namaquus FitzPatrick, 2007 3 LC SAE 1 1
B Zelotes namibensis FitzPatrick, 2007 2 LC STHE 1
B Zelotes natalensis Tucker, 1923 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Zelotes ngomensis FitzPatrick, 2007 5 LC SAE KZNE 1
B Zelotes otavi Fitzpatrick, 2007 2 LC STHE 1
F Zelotes ovambensis Lawrence, 1927 2 LC STHE 1
M Zelotes pallidipes Tucker, 1923 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1
B Zelotes pulchripes (Purcell, 1908) 6 DD SAE NCE 1
F Zelotes qwabergensis FitzPatrick, 2007 5 DDT SAE 1 1
B Zelotes radiatus Lawrence, 1928 2 LC STHE 1
B Zelotes reduncus (Purcell, 1907) 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B Zelotes resolution FitzPatrick, 2007 5 LC SAE ECE 1
B Zelotes sclateri Tucker, 1923 2 LC STHE 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
B